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If you're based in Nigeria and looking for small business ideas, you are in the right place.

Starting a small business in Nigeria is a great way to become financially independent and provide for your family. There are many different businesses you can start, so there's something for everyone.

If you're interested in starting a business, here are some small business ideas in Nigeria that require little to no start-up capital:

Let's see them:

1. Food production

Food business is a profitable business to start regardless of the location or country you find yourself in.  You can produce and package food products like; local spices, seasonings, chili pepper, ginger, garlic etc. and make good profit from it.

Another option in food production is to go into animal husbandry and rear animals like; chicken, turkey, goat, cow etc. for their meat and sell to butchers or hotels. 

Budget for this venture can be as low as N10,000.

Lagos,Abuja, Ibadan are good places to start this Small business in Nigeria because  of the high population which results in a large market for your products.

2. Poultry farming:

This is another great business  idea  for  animal lovers. You can either raise chicken for their meat or eggs. Poultry farming is a lucrative business, and it doesn't require much to get started. All you need  is a small piece of land, some chicken coops and feed and you're good to go.

To start a small scale poultry farming, you need between 1,000 to 1,500 - day old chicks.  You can  purchase these from hatcheries or feed stores.  The next thing you need is chicken coops and runs.  They can be homemade or purchased from a farm supply store.  You will also need chicken feed and water containers.

3. Cosmetic production:

The beauty industry is always booming and there's a huge demand for cosmetics.  You can produce different products like; soaps, creams, perfumes, hair products, etc.  This business is very profitable,  and it doesn't require much to get started.

You can start with as low as 20,000 naira and make a good profit from it.

You can market your in University hostels, offices,  etc.

4. Grocery store

Another great business idea is to start a grocery store.  You can either open a small shop or an online store.  If you choose to open a physical shop, make sure it's l

 in a busy area with a lot of foot traffic. You can purchase your products from wholesalers or directly from manufacturers.

To start an online grocery store, you need to create a website and list all the products you want to sell. There are free websites like Shopify where you can create your own online store.

5. Clothes boutique: 

Clothes are always in high demand, so starting a clothes boutique is a great business idea.  You can either open a physical store or an online store.

Opening an Online store is cheaper and easier to set up.  You can create a website or use a marketplace like Jumia or Konga to sell your clothes. 

To start a physical store, you need to find a suitable location and purchase clothing from wholesalers or manufacturers.  You will also need racks, hangers, and other store fixtures.

6. Laundry business:

Laundry business is another great business idea for busy people.  Your laundry service can pick up and deliver clothes. You will need to purchase a washing machine, tumble dryer, ironing board, and other equipment.  You can either start this business from home or rent a small shop.

7. Home cleaning services:

This is a great business idea for busy people who don't have time to clean their homes.  You can offer weekly or bi-weekly cleaning services.  You will need to purchase cleaning supplies and equipment.  It is possible to start this business with one employee and grow it as demand increases.

Though this business costs little to start it up, it is however a very profitable business.

8. Home-based bakery:

Do you love baking? If so, starting a home-based bakery is a great business idea.  You can bake cakes, cookies, bread, cupcakes, and other pastries.  You can sell your products to friends, family, and neighbors or you can start an online store. 

To start a home-based bakery, you need to purchase baking supplies and equipment.  You can start with the basic things you already have at home like an oven, mixer, and baking pans.  You will also need flour, sugar, eggs, butter, and other ingredients.

9. Personal shopper:

You can be a  personal shopper for busy people who don't have time to shop for themselves.  You can do their grocery shopping, clothes shopping, and even gift shopping.  This is a great business idea for busy moms or people who love to shop.

To start this business, you will need a computer, printer, and a phone.  You will also need a means of transportation to do the shopping.  You can start this business with just a few clients and grow it as demand increases.

10. Car wash services: 

This is a great business idea for people who love to wash cars.  You can start a car wash service that picks up and delivers cars to customers.  You will need to purchase a pressure washer, soap, brushes, and other supplies.  You can either start this business from home or rent a small shop

11. Pet sitting: 

If you love animals, starting a pet sitting business is a great idea.  You can offer to take care of people's pets while they are on vacation or away for business.  This is a great business for busy people who love animals.

To start this business, you will need to create a website or use a marketplace like Petbacker. You will also need to purchase insurance and bonding.  You can start this business with just a few clients and grow it as demand increases.

This business will do well in cities like Port-Harcourt,Abuja,Lagos.

12. Home-based daycare: 

This is a great business idea for busy people who love children.  You can offer to take care of people's children while they are at work or school.  This is a great business for stay-at-home moms or dads.

To start this business, you will need to create a safe and fun environment for children.  You will also need to purchase insurance and bonding.  You can start this business with just a few clients and grow it as demand increases.

13. Personal assistant: 

You can be a personal assistant for busy people who need help with their day-to-day tasks.  You can do their grocery shopping, clothes shopping, and even gift shopping.  This is a great business idea for busy moms or people who love to help others.

To start this business, you will need a computer, printer, and a phone.  You will also need a means of transportation to do the shopping.  You can start this business with just a few clients and grow it as demand increases.

14. Unisex Salon:  

A unisex salon is a great business idea for busy people who need a one-stop shop for their beauty needs.  You can offer hair, nails, and makeup services.  You will need to purchase a variety of beauty supplies and equipment.  .  It is possible to start this business with a low budget and grow it as demand increases.

15. Personal chef: 

You can be a personal chef for busy people who don't have time to cook for themselves.  You can prepare meals for them ahead of time or cook for them on a weekly basis.  This is a great business idea for people who love to cook.

To start this business, you will need to create a website or use a marketplace like Upwork or Mobile cooks.  You will also need to purchase insurance and bonding.  You can start this business with just a few clients and grow it as demand increases.

16. Personal trainer: 

 You can be a personal trainer for busy people who want to get in shape.  You can train them in their homes or offices.  This is a great business idea for people who love to stay fit.

To start this business, you will need to create a website or use a marketplace like Rover.  You will also need to purchase insurance and bonding.  You can start this business with just a few clients and grow it as demand increases.

17. Freelance writer: 

If you love to write, you can be a freelance writer for businesses or individuals.  You can write articles, blog posts, or even e-books.  This is a great business idea for people who are passionate about writing.

To start this business, you will need a computer and an internet connection.  You will also need to create a portfolio of your work.  You can start this business with just a few clients and grow it as demand increases.

18. Social media manager: 

You can be a social media manager for anyone.  You will create and manage their social media accounts.  This is a great business idea for people who are passionate about social media.

To start this business, you will need a computer and an internet connection.  You will also need to create a portfolio of your work.  You can start this business with just a few clients and grow it as demand increases.

19. Event planner:

You can be an event planner for businesses or individuals.  You will plan and execute events.  This is a great business idea for people who are organized and love to plan events.

To start this business, you will need a computer and an internet connection.  You will also need to create a portfolio of your work.  You can start this business with just a few clients and grow it as demand increases.

21. Virtual assistant: 

You can be a virtual assistant. You will be responsible for tasks such as customer service, scheduling, and data entry.  This is a great business idea for people who are detail-oriented and have good customer service skills.

To start this business, you will need a computer and an internet connection.  You will also need to create a portfolio of your work.  You can start this business with just a few clients and grow it as demand increases.

22. Freelance editor: 

If you have experience in editing, you can be a freelance editor for businesses or individuals.  You will edit documents, articles, or books.  This is a great business idea for people who are passionate about editing.

To start this business, you will need a computer and an internet connection.  You will also need to create a portfolio of your work.  You can start this business with just a few clients and grow it as demand increases.

23. Freelance photographer:  

If you love to take pictures, you can be a freelance photographer for businesses or individuals.  You will take pictures of events, products, or people.  This is a great business idea for people who are passionate about photography.

To start this business, you will need a camera and an internet connection.  You will also need to create a portfolio of your work.  You can start this business with just a few clients and grow it as demand increases.

Take a note from TY Bello, the popular Nigerian musician and photographer who started photography after her music band KUSH failed.

24. Rabbit Farming: 

Rabbit farming is a great business idea for people who are looking to start a small business.  You will need to purchase rabbits, cages, food, and water bowls.  You can start this business with just a few rabbits and grow it as demand increases.

25. Recycling

You can start a recycling business by collecting recyclables.  You will need to sort the materials and sell to a recycling company. This is a great business idea for people who are passionate about ecology.

To start this business, you will need a truck and an internet connection.  You will also need to create a list of businesses and individuals who you can recycle from.  You can start this business with just a few clients and grow it as demand increases.

26. Drop Shipping

Drop shipping is a great business idea for people who are looking to start an online business.  You will need to create an online store and find suppliers who will ship products directly to your customers.  This is a great business idea for people who are passionate about e-commerce.To start this business, you will need a computer or phone and an internet connection.  You will also need to create an online store and find suppliers.  You can start this business with just a few products and grow it as demand increases.

27. SEO Consultant: 

You need to have experience in SEO, to be an SEO consultant . You will help businesses and individuals to improve their search engine ranking.  This is a great business idea for people who are passionate about digital marketing. 

To start this business, you will need a computer and an internet connection.  You will also need to create a portfolio of your work.  You can start this business with just a few clients and grow it as demand increases.

28. Social Media Consultant: 

You will help businesses and individuals to create and manage their social media accounts.  This is a great business idea for people who are passionate about social media. 

To start this business, you will need a computer and an internet connection.  You will also need to create a portfolio of your work.  You can start this business with just a few clients and grow it as demand increases.

29. Fabric Sale:

Fabric business is good for people who love sewing and making clothes. You will need to purchase fabrics, threads, and other materials.  You can start this business with just a few fabrics and grow it as demand increases.

30. Beverage Production: 

This business idea is good for people who are passionate about making drinks. You will need to purchase beverage production equipment, such as a blender, bottles, and labels.  You can start this business with just a few flavors and grow it as demand increases.

Some beverage ideas are Zobo drink, Tiger nut milk, soya milk, smoothies, and juices

31. Fruit and Vegetable Sale: 

This business idea is good for people who are passionate about healthy eating. You will need to purchase fruits and vegetables, as well as storage containers.  You can start this business with just a few products and grow it as demand increases.

32. Candle Making: 

Candle making is a great business idea for people who are creative and passionate about making things. You will need to purchase candle making supplies, such as wax, wicks, and molds.  You can start this business with just a few candles and grow it as demand increases.

33. Puppy Sale: 

Puppy sale is a great business idea for people who love animals. You will need to purchase puppies from breeders and sell them to customers.  You can start this business with just a few puppies and grow it as demand increases.

34. Jewelry Making: 

Jewelry making is a great business idea for people who are creative and passionate about making things. You will need to purchase jewelry making supplies, such as beads, wire, and tools.  You can start this business with just a few pieces of jewelry and grow it as demand increases.

35. Party Supplies: 

This business idea is good for people who love planning parties. You will need to purchase party supplies, such as balloons, decorations, and games.  You can start this business with just a few party supplies and grow it as demand increases.

36. Flower arrangement: 

This business idea is good for people who are passionate about flowers. You will need to purchase flowers, vases, and other supplies. You can start this business with just a few arrangements and grow it as demand increases.

There's more...

37. Shoe making: 

This business idea is good for people who are passionate about shoes. You will need to purchase shoe making supplies, such as leather, thread, and tools.  You can start this business with just a few pairs of shoes and grow it as demand increases.

38. Bookkeeping

Bookkeeping is a great business idea for people who are organized and detail-oriented. You will need to purchase bookkeeping software and create a system for tracking income and expenses.  You can start this business with just a few clients and grow it as demand increases.

39. Snail Farming: 

This business idea is good for people who are passionate about farming. You will need to purchase snail breeding stock, as well as food and housing for the snails.  You can start this business with just a few snails and grow it as demand increases.

40. Web Design: 

Web design is a great business idea for people who are creative and have a passion for technology. You will need to purchase web design software and create a portfolio of your work.  You can start this business with just a few clients and grow it as demand increases.

41. Frozen Food Sale: 

This business idea is good for people who are passionate about food. You will need to purchase frozen food, such as chicken, fish, and vegetables.  You can start this business with just a few products and grow it as demand increases.

You need to locate your shop in major markets such as Bodija in Ibadan or Ketu in Lagos. Residential areas are also good location for this business.

42. Catering: 

Catering is a great business idea for people who are passionate about food. You will need to purchase catering supplies, such as tablecloths, plates, and utensils.  You can start this business with just a few clients and grow it as demand increases.

43. Food Delivery: 

Food delivery is a great business idea for people who are passionate about food. You will need to purchase food, as well as packaging and transportation supplies.  You can start this business with just a few customers and grow it as demand increases.

You can start by delivering to offices, then homes, then events, and so on. A website will also be very useful for marketing your business.

This is how actress Chioma Akpotha started her food business during the lockdown in 2020.

44. Landscape and Garden Design: 

 This business idea is good for people who are passionate about plants and gardening. You will need to purchase landscaping and gardening supplies, such as plants, soil, and tools.  Budget for advertising and marketing your business.  You can start this business with just a few clients and grow it as demand increases.

45. Computer Repair: 

Computer repair is a great business idea for people who are passionate about technology. You will need to purchase computer repair tools and parts. You can start this business at home or in an office and grow it as demand increases.

It is best to locate your business in places known for computer repairs. For instance, Computer Village in Lagos and Mokola in Ibadan.

46. Mobile Phone Repair: 

This is a great business idea for people who are passionate about technology. You will need to purchase mobile phone repair tools and parts.  You can start this business at home or in an office and grow it as demand increases.

47. Sewing and Alterations: 

Sewing and alterations is a great business idea for people who are passionate about fashion. You will need to purchase sewing supplies, such as fabric, thread, and patterns.  You can start this business at home or in an office and grow it as demand increases.

48. Barbering Salon: 

This business idea is good for people who are passionate about hair. You will need to purchase barbering supplies, such as clippers, scissors, and combs.  You can start this business at home or in an office and grow it as demand increases.

You can raise money for a shop with a home service like the popular celebrity Barber Mr Kay. He raised the balance for his first shop from home service.

49. Makeup Studio: 

This business idea is good for people who are passionate about makeup. You will need to purchase makeup supplies, such as foundation, lipstick, and eye shadow.  You can start this business at home or in an office and grow it as demand increases.

Makeup studios are best  in markets, close to a photography studio or near an event centre anywhere in Nigeria.

50. Thrift Clothing Store: 

This is a great business idea for people who are passionate about fashion. You will need to purchase thrift clothing, such as shirts, pants, and dresses.  You can start this business with just a few items and grow it as demand increases.

If you are looking to start this business, Lagos, Abuja and Portharcourt are the best locations for thrift business.

There!

I have given you 50 solid small business ideas in Nigeria that you can start with little or no capital. 

Now it's up to you to take action and start your own business. 

If you need help to get started, visit our Counseal website to speak with one of our experts.

Here are the ways to make money online we will cover in this guide

Top 21 Ways To Make Money Online In Nigeria + 1 Bonus Method
1. Build an eCommerce Business
2. Sell on Online Marketplaces
3. Freelancing
4. Blogging
5. Trade Cryptocurrencies
6. Dropshipping
7. Drop Servicing
8. Information Marketing
9. YouTube and Vlogging
10. Affiliate Marketing
11. Start a Digital Marketing Agency
12. Social Media Influencing/Marketing
13. Create an Online Course
14. Start Online Consultation
15. Websites Flipping
16. Domain Names Flipping
17. Online Surveys
18. Podcasting
19. Publish eBooks
20. Trade Forex or Binary Options
21. Sell Stock Photos
22. Opera New Hub

3 Unexplored Ways To Make Money Online In Nigeria
1. Mint and Trade NFTs
2. Print on Demand
3. Rent Your Home on Airbnb

Top 22 ways to make money online 2022

Build an eCommerce Platform

eCommerce business is probably the most popular way to make money online. It has the highest income-growth potential than any other method on this list.

eCommerce involves building an online platform through which you sell physical goods to customers. When someone visits your store through an ad or referral and buys an item, you have it delivered to them through a courier service. Customers can pay you onsite through a payment gateway or pay after delivery. It all depends on the payment options you offer.

Billionaires like Jeff Bezos and Ja Ma made their fortunes from eCommerce. In Nigeria, the business is still young, with Jumia, Konga, Payporte, and Jigi leading the pack. That means there are lots of opportunities to take in this space.

The business can be capital intensive, especially if you plan to hold inventories in a warehouse. It requires a lot of online marketing to drive traffic to your store. But once your store pulls momentum, it can be really profitable.

Here’s a step-by-step guide to building your own eCommerce business.

Sell on Online Marketplaces

If you cannot afford to build an eCommerce platform, you could sell your goods on third-party platforms like Jumia and Konga. 

Jumia offers a vendor hub that allows you to create an online store to list and sell your products. You could hold inventory yourself or subscribe to the Jumia Express service to make your products quickly available for delivery once sold. Jumia deposits your earnings into your bank account at intervals and alerts you. Start selling on Jumia.

The same concept applies to selling on Konga. Learn how to sell on Konga.

Don’t rely solely on the traffic Jumia and Konga bring to your online store. Instead, market your online store and products on your social media handles too. You could run Google display ads and even build a mailing list to grow your business faster. 

Other online marketplaces you can explore are Jiji, OList, Scrader, and just recently, Flutterwave Store. If you’re a mini importer or already run a physical store, this is the right leverage to reach more customers.

Freelancing

Freelancing is one of the most popular ways skilled Nigerians make money online. It’s all about applying your digital skills online to make money. 

If you’re a writer, programmer, designer, administrative person, consultant, et Cetra, you can earn online working for foreign employers. You only require a laptop, internet connection, and your skills.

I’ve summarized 7 steps to help you get started as a freelancer:

The key to succeeding as a freelancer is delivering high-quality work, meeting deadlines, varying for positive reviews from your clients. 

Learn how about making money with freelancing.

Blogging

You’ve probably heard about blogging a million times, but this is an evergreen way to make money online. It has produced several million-dollar net-worths Nigerians like Linda Ikeji, Omoyele Sowore, Seun Osewa, Uche Pedro, and the likes.

Blogging goes beyond just writing news, gossips, or your opinions over the web. To make money blogging, you would need to learn how search engine optimization works and invest in digital marketing skills. 

Building a blog requires time, patience, and the work you put in to build an audience. But once traffic pours, the money flows.

You can monetize your blog using Google Ad-sense, affiliate marketing, paid sponsorships, and many other methods. With blogging, you can work from anywhere you are in the world and make money while you sleep.

Sounds interesting? Learn how to start a blog that generates over $3000 a month.

Trade Cryptocurrencies

Cryptocurrencies were the goldmine a few years back and still are today. Aside from Bitcoin, a lot of altcoins have emerged over the years and have made many Nigerians millionaires.

There are several ways to make money from cryptocurrencies. I’ve summarised the most common methods for you:

Irrespective of the method you wish to explore in cryptocurrencies, I recommend doing your own research (DYOR) and understanding the markets and technologies before diving in.

Dropshipping

Dropshipping is just like an eCommerce business, except you don't hold the inventories (physical goods) that you sell. 

Nope, it’s not magic. Let me explain. 

In dropshipping, you create an online store, list and promote images of the products you want to sell through your store. When a customer makes an order and pays upfront, you order the physical product from a manufacturer or supplier. They make and deliver the goods to your customer and you bag the profits.

Dropshipping allows you to sell any product from any supplier in the world, without bearing the production cost or taking inventories. Your market is not limited to Nigeria as you can ship products to customers anywhere they are in the world.

Dropshipping requires you to know your way around supplies both at home and abroad, especially sellers in China. The key to profitability is sorting for and selling hot-in-demand products, getting your online marketing right, and ensuring only quality products get delivered to customers.

Learn how to build a successful dropshipping business.

Drop servicing

Drop servicing is a relatively new business and one that you can start without investing a dime but grow into massive profits. Simply put, drops servicing pays you for being a middleman between clients and freelancers.

How?

You find clients who will pay you for digital services you offer; for example, writing, coding, designing designs, et Cetra. Now, instead of doing these gigs yourself, you outsource them to freelancers who do the job. You pay your freelancers from payments collected for the gigs, deliver completed works to clients, and pocket the margin.

The goldmine in drop servicing is building that massive network of clients and freelancers. If you have the best of both, you’re in business! It’s important to ensure your pricing per gig suffices to cover your freelancer’s cost and your profit, but reasonable enough to not turn clients away.

Learn how to start a drop servicing business from scratch.

Information Marketing

Information marketing is basically selling information about particular topics to people over the internet. If you have in-depth knowledge about anything—say health, fitness, finance, relationship, et Cetra—you could package it as an eBook, video, or audio record and sell it to people.

But you don't need to have specialized knowledge to get into information marketing. You could research any hot topic your audience may be interested in, create an info-product from that and sell! Alternatively, there are a lot of private label rights (PLR) eBooks you can buy and resell as your own products. See top websites to download PLR eBooks.

This is one of the online businesses you can start with no money. To kick off the right way, I recommend:

-Picking high-demand, less-competitive niches

-Creating a standout product that un-sits competitors

-Marketing your information product (yes! Spend on ads!)

-Building a loyal customer base/fanbase (this makes repeat purchases easy)

Get started by learning how to build a profitable information business.

YouTube and Vlogging

In the time it would take you to read this section, Mark Angel Comedy would have made a couple more thousand dollars from their YouTube channel. With over 8 million subscribers and over 1 trillion views across all videos, Mark Angel and his crew are the highest-paid Nigerian YouTubers!

A YouTube channel can earn you passive income over time after you've uploaded videos, amassed subscribers and watch time, and monetized it. You could make videos about anything using just a smartphone and phone-based editing software, or professional videography equipment.

“But I’m camera-shy!” That’s ok. You can make YouTube videos using edited videos cuts or animations, without showing your face. To get started:

Once your channel has accumulated 1,000 subscribers with 4,000 views across videos, you can monetize it. Check out the top 7 ways to monetize a YouTube channel.

But YouTube isn't the only way to make money online vlogging. People earn thousands of dollars using other video platforms for creators too like Vimeo, Twitch, and even TikTok.

Affiliate Marketing

Affiliate marketing is one of the biggest online cash cows for entrepreneurs. This is something you could infuse with other methods of online activities like blogging, YouTube, eCommerce, and more. 

Affiliate marketing is a business model that allows you to promote other businesses' products or services online through their affiliate program, and earn a commission on every sale made via your affiliate links.

Assuming a company's affiliate program (say Jumia) offers a 9% commission on products a buyer purchases through your link. If a person—through your blog, video ads, or social media posts—visits the company's online store and buys a product(s) worth N25,000, you get N2,250 (9% of N25,000).

Now, imagine 500 people buying N25,000 worth of goods on average, every month, via your links. That's N12,500,000 in sales for the company, and N1,125,000 hitting your bank balance every single month!

It gets better when you're affiliating with a foreign brand, like Amazon, and earning in dollars. Check out the best affiliate programs for a variety of niches worldwide and the top affiliate programs in Nigeria.

Here’s a complete guide to starting an affiliate marketing business in Nigeria.

Start a Digital Marketing Agency

You must have seen some ads on Facebook or Instagram promoting how they help businesses get more traffic or sell more products. These are marketing agencies run by people just like you.

There are a lot of small businesses in Nigeria that either do not have an online presence or are struggling to make sales. If you have a basic understanding of how to run ads on major platforms, you can help these businesses sell their products and get paid for them.

Social media platforms like Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and recently, Tiktok are the ads platforms to master. However, diving into Search Engine ads, email marketing, display ads, and mobile marketing will give your business a competitive edge.

Once you've established yourself in this space, you'll easily get referrals from previous clients. Start by learning how to build a digital marketing agency in Nigeria.

Social Media Influencing/Marketing 

Marketing monies are moving from TV and radio stations and flowing to social media platforms where most Nigerians spend their free time.

So if you’ve amassed large followers on social media, you could make money promoting products from different brands to your audience. This is called social media influencing. It’s one way many Nigerian comedians and reality TV stars make money.

But you don't have to be an influencer to earn from social media. If you understand social media ads, content marketing and engagement, and how the algorithms work, you could help businesses build their social media audience and make sales.

For beginners, the best way to start is to learn and master one social media platform after another

Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and TikTok.

Just like building a marketing agency, once you've established yourself as the go-to social media guru, the money rolls in easily. Check out this free course on how to specialize in social media marketing.

Create an Online Course

More people are learning online today than in classrooms using their computers, internet connections, and, yep! Online courses. Therefore, making and selling online courses to teach people skills or concepts they want to learn can make you a lot of money. 

You can create a course around anything; be it designing, social skills, engineering, handicrafts, academics, business, sports, anything at all. Online platforms like Udemy, Skillshare, Teachable and more, make it possible for you to sell your course to thousands of people around the world.

The key to succeeding in this space is delivering really valuable lessons in an easy-to-understand and enjoyable manner. If your content and teaching methods are dominant, more people would positively rate or review your course, increasing your chances of selling to even more people.

Interested? Here’s a guide to successfully creating and selling an online course.

Start Online Consultation

Online consultation is still a green money maker for many Nigerians. If you're an expert in any field, you could find people willing to pay you to counsel them on related matters.

You can start by building a social media profile (Facebook page or group, or Instagram account) for yourself and offer free value at first. When you've built a strong following, you monetize and start charging for your service.

Charging an hourly rate is ok, but it puts you in direct competition with other consultation services out there. Instead, make a package plan and let your clients pay a once-off fee for the total consultation. Prices can then vary depending on the duration of consultation, format, or services included in a package plan. 

Read this guide on how to charge consultation fees.

As your reputation as an expert consultant grows, you could offer your services to companies and large corporations. Here’s an insider tip: repackage rehearsal consultations on certain topics into videos or an online course and sell. 

Learn how to start an online consultation from home.

Websites Flipping

Do you know you can earn online buying and selling websites? Here’s how it works: 

You buy a cheap existing website from a marketplace, improve the website, and resell it for a much higher price. This was one of the earliest ways web developers made money online and it's still a cash cow today!

The most popular marketplaces to buy and sell websites are Flipper, Empire Flippers, and Digital Point Forum.

To succeed in this business, you need expert knowledge of web design and development, preferably in a niche. This knowledge would guide you in spotting defects on any website you're buying, and how to fix them. Most website flippers make use of content writers, and UI designers to flesh out web pages. However, the bulk of the programming, optimization, hosting, and other backend tasks required to turn a "not-so-great" website into a stunner, they do themselves.

If you are interested in website flipping, I recommend learning from The Website Flip. They are expert tutors in the business.

Domain Name Flipping

Closely tied to website flipping is domain name flipping. This involves creating or buying domains and reselling them at a higher price.

For example, you can buy domains as cheap as $10.99 on websites like NameCheap, and resell them for $100 or more on sites like Sedo.com, GoDaddy.com, Flippa.com, et Cetra. 

Alternatively, you can create new domain names that could be in demand in the future, register and host them for cheap, and put them up for sale. If done right, you can make thousands of dollars selling domain names you literally cooked up.

Domain flipping requires both technical web knowledge and creativity for spotting or making up premium domain names. There's a whole science to this, so I recommend learning more before getting started in this business. 

Online Surveys

One way you can earn some money online with minimal stress is by completing paid surveys on certain online platforms. Online surveys are basically helping brands collect or analyze data by answering specific questions.

Online surveys typically pay $0.50 to $3 of 10 to 20 minutes of your time. But your cumulative earnings across platforms over a period may add up. This is something you can do in your spare time to support other ways you earn. 

While some foreign survey sites do not support Nigerians, you can always find legit Nigerian survey platforms to earn from. Check out global top-rated survey sites for Nigeria.

Podcasting

Podcasters run "audio blogs" in the same way radio presenters host audio shows for a listening audience. If you love creating talk shows around a niche you're passionate about, you can start a podcast through an online platform. Some voice talent or training and audio editing skills are huge pluses, of course.

Once you've grown an audience over time, you can monetize your channel like you do a YouTube channel or a blog. You get paid by show sponsors, affiliate marketing (promoting your affiliate links), selling your merchandise, and membership support.

To start, you would need to create and host your podcast channel on a podcast hosting platform. Check out 31 podcast hosting platforms you can choose from. 

Here’s how to start and run a profitable podcast in Nigeria.

Self-publish eBooks

Online publishing involves researching and writing (mainly non-fiction) on any topic or field, and selling your works on ebook retail platforms. 

Amazon Kindle is the largest self-publishing and ebook retail platform available on any device and downloaded worldwide. With Amazon, you can sell books to readers globally and earn 70% on each sale. So if you've listed a book for $2.99, you would make $2.09 per book sold. 

There are other publishing platforms you can explore aside from Amazon Kindle. Also, leverage social media platforms to both drive traffic to your online bookstore and to sell directly to customers.

The key to succeeding as a self-publisher is to create valuable content and put in outstanding marketing work. It's important to get some positive reviews on your books as this helps rank them higher in search results on retail platforms.

For deeper insights into self-publishing, I recommend learning with Self-Publishing School. Start by reading these 9 steps to publish an ebook.

Trade Forex or Binary Options

Forex and/or binary options trading are complex but highly lucrative ways to make money online if you become an expert at them. 

Forex trading is about speculating on the rise or falls in the value of a currency pair—i.e. British Pound (GBP) against the US Dollar (USD)—for a profit. 

Binary options trading mirrors forex trading but deals with derived assets rather than real currencies pairs. Here, you’re basically predicting if the price of a particular asset would rise or fall against your market position.

A currency trading platform gives you access to these financial markets. Most platforms would provide you with a demo account where you can practice your trading skills before going LIVE with real money. Some also offer free trading courses for beginners. I highly recommend you take advantage of these resources. 

Once you’re confident of your trading skills, you can fund your account with the trading platform and trade the LIVE financial markets. With the right education, long-term practice, and patience, this can pay you enough to live your dream life.

Here’s one of my favourite free forex courses you can sign up for.

Sell Stock Photos

Are you a creative photographer? You can make money selling your photos online as stock images.

The easiest way to do this is by listing your images on third-party microstock websites like Shutterstock, Getty Images, and iStock. Many of these platforms pay up to 60% royalty to the photographer per sale. 

The big money-spinner, however, is to sell through your own website. Yes, this involves building a website from scratch, maintaining it, and marketing your business. But you'd enjoy presenting your photos how you want on your website, express yourself better, and keep 100% of each sale.

As a beginner, I recommend starting out with third-party platforms, using social media and your networks to grow. You can add your website later when your market is large enough. I recommend building on WordPress as it provides lots of plugins that support stock photo websites. 

If you're an already established photographer with a strong online following, you may already own a website. You can monetize your website and equally leverage both third-party platforms. 

Learn how to create stock photos that sell and more on building a stock photography business.

Opera News Hub

Opera news hub is one of the simplest ways to make money online by publishing trending news.

You don’t have to be exceptional at writing; you just need to be able to whip out trending news or attractive stories that can get traction. 

To start, you would need to create an account with the hub and verify it. Next, you create an Opay account (download the app on your mobile device) and link to your Opera new hub account. This is because you get paid only through the Opay app. 

After creating accounts, you can proceed to publish your posts. Each post goes through the Opera new hub review system before it's released to the public.

Depending on how much traction (clicks, likes, comments) your posts generate, you can easily make N100,000 or every month. However, you can request to withdraw your earnings once it gets to N5000 at any time.

See in detail how to make money with the Opera New Hub.


Phew! That’s 22 up. I promised to show you 3 more completely new and unexplored ways to make money online in Nigeria. Here they are;

3 Unexplored Ways to Make Money Online in Nigeria

Mint or Trade NFTs

This is a game-changer and arguably the newest way to make money online. NFTs are fast becoming the next big thing and it’s creating millionaires all over the world.

Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) are digital assets that represent unique ownership of an item, be it art, music, real estate, and more. Through a process called minting, the blockchain technology secures the unique identity of each NFT ensuring they cannot be changed, stolen, or replicated by anyone.

People buy NFTs as a store of value (just like physical arts), or to use them in building various digital projects like online games and virtual galleries or museums.

If you are a talented artist in Nigeria, you can start earning online by creating, minting, and selling NFTs on NFTs marketplaces. Check out these top 10 NFTs marketplaces. Even if you’re not an artist, you can make money buying and selling NFTs.

Some knowledge of cryptocurrencies is required to navigate this space. This is because pay for and are paid in cryptos like Ether (ETH), Binance Coin (BNB). So it’s impossible to get started if you don’t own at least a crypto wallet.

NFTs are really more complex than presented here. I recommend researching extensively about the space before signing up. Start by watching this video.

Print on Demand

Print on demand (POD) is a business model whereby you work with a supplier of a white-label product to customize and ship the product to customers on a pre-order basis. Like dropshipping, you hold no inventory and do not pay for the product until you've sold it.

If you’re an artist or graphic designer, you can expand your income by selling print-on-demand products. All you need to do is create samples of your designs on various products; apparel, stationery, souvenirs, documents, etc. (Look up Etsy for print design inspirations. Thank me later!) You could also hire freelance designers to assist.

Once your designs are ready, create your online store on either a marketplace like Etsy, Teespring, or Merch by Amazon, or an eCommerce platform like Shopify and BigCommerce. This is where you source products you can place designs on, and where you upload photos of the finished works.

Next, look for a POD company to partner with. These platforms allow you to upload photos of products with your designs on them. Once done, you can list them on your online store.

Now when a customer orders a product with particular designs from your online store, you contact the product supplier to send the product to your POD provider where the real designs are printed on it. You then ship it directly to the customer via your online store and bag the profit. The customer pays for everything in this process, from the product to printing services and shipping costs.

POD is still a new concept in the Nigerian online business space. Starting now would give you a local competitive edge while exposing your designs to a global market. Here’s a guide to starting your POD business from scratch.

Rent Your Home on Airbnb

Airbnb is an American online marketplace for lodging and vacation rentals. Not a lot of people know that Airbnb now operates in Lagos, Ibadan, and Abuja and that Nigerians are making money with it.

Airbnb allows you to list your apartment online and make money when people rent it for a period. Think of it as the Uber or Taxify of home rentals. You could host a guest for a day, 2 nights, or whatever the deal is and make as high as $700 a month.

If you don't mind sharing your living space, this can make you money. It's even better if you have lots of rooms to spare in your home. 

For now, apartments listed on Airbnb are in the high-end regions of the cities where the company operates. In time, they could enter more regions and give more people access to rent their homes for income.

Start hosting your home here. And since you're reading this piece, here are 15 steps to turn Airbnb rentals into a full-time business in Nigeria

Conclusion

Making legit money online is never a get-rich-quick as many would think. It would require time and effort before it pays off. Don't forget to learn the skills required to succeed in any of these methods listed here.

Let me know what you think about this list in the comments. If you've enjoyed this piece, why not share it with friends? Heck! Share with everyone in your network!

Here's everything you need to know to register and protect your trademark in Nigeria.

First, let's start with...

Understanding Trademarks

A trademark is a word, phrase, design, sign, or symbol that distinguishes your goods or brand from that of another. The look, spelling, or pronunciation of your trademark must be distinctive and easily identified with your business.

When you register a trademark, laws protect the articles (word, phrase, design, sign, or symbol) preventing others from using them, therefore, preventing incidences of piracy.

You can trademark anything aside from the above, be it a letter, numerical, signature, style, colour, device, ticket, or label, depending on your type of business. However, you cannot trademark:

The distinctiveness of your trademark is a crucial factor to consider during a trademark. A mark cannot be trademarked if it lacks any distinctive properties or if the language has become customary in the country of origin or is contrary to public order, according to the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property.

Take, for instance, Wakanow, a travel brand in Nigeria. “Waka” is customary pidgin for “come” or “go,” while “now” is a more commonplace word. On their own, they may not merit a trademark for a travel company, but “Wakanow” makes a valuable trademark due to its distinctiveness.

Example of a Trademark

Types of Trademark

Before registering trademarks, it is essential to distinguish among the different trademarks to find out which is best suited to protect your brand. Failure to understand this could lead to serious mistakes causing lawsuits or, at worst, outright dismissal of your trademark registration.

I’ve grouped these trademarks into general and specific categories:

General Types of Trademarks

Specific Types of Trademarks

Whether general or specific, for a mark to stand as a protective article, it must be classified either as registered or trademarked (more on these later in this guide). This is where familiar symbols like ™, ®, and © come into play.

Let’s discuss these symbols next.

Trademark Symbols

Trademark Symbols - The Difference Between ™ and ®

There are two major kinds of trademark symbols: the ™ (superscript TM) and the ® (R in circle).

The ™

™ stands for “Trademark.” It denotes that the mark attached to the symbol is to be trademarked, but makes no claim as to the registration status.

It's always a good idea to attach ™ to the word or other marks you intend to trademark while applying for registration. This may help to protect the mark until it is registered.

The ®

® shows that a trademark has been registered. Adding the ® to your trademarks protects them from becoming generic and gives you the right to prosecute for trademark infringements. In many jurisdictions, Nigeria included, it is illegal to make use of the ® without an actual registration.

Other symbols

Other types of trademark symbols are the copyright symbol ©, and the record producer/performer symbol ℗, both applying to the creative industry.

The ℠ (superscript SM: service mark) symbol carries the same meaning as ™ but is used for unregistered service marks. The ℠ is dominantly used in the United States, as other jurisdictions apply ™ to both goods and services.

How to Select a Good Mark to Trademark

Before running off to the trademark registry, you may want to have a pre-determined name, slogan, logo, or any other article for trademarking.

So, how do you go about crafting a mark that gets the "thumbs up"?

For one, you can outrightly hire the services of an accredited trademark lawyer to advise on valid business names or marks you can use. (More on trademark lawyers below).

Alternatively, you could craft your business marks yourself (name, logo, slogan, colour, etc.) and propose them for trademarking.

Here are five (5) points to guide you:

Already thinking of the perfect trademark for your business? Fantastic!

Now, let’s proceed to the major focus of this guide:


Registering a Trademark

Registering A Trademark in Nigeria

Trademark registration in Nigeria is governed by the following relevant laws:

  1. The Trade Marks Act 1965
  2. The Trade Marks Regulations 1967
  3. Trade Marks Act, Laws of the Federation of Nigeria (LFN) 1990
  4. The Merchandise Mark Act, CAP M10 LFN 2004
  5. Trade Marks Act, CAP T13 LFN 2004

Other laws containing trademark provisions are:

  1. The Trademark Malpractice (Miscellaneous Offence), CAP T12 LFN 2004
  2. The Cybercrimes (Prohibition, Prevention) Act 2015

Trademarks are registered in Nigeria through the Trademarks, Patents and Design Registry — a registry under the Commercial Law Department of the Federal Ministry of Industry, Trade and Investment.

Step-by-Step Procedure for Registering a Trademark in Nigeria

There are five (5) major steps involved in registering a trademark in Nigeria. These are:

Let’s dive into the details:

The first step required of you in registering your trademark is to conduct a preliminary search for the availability of your proposed mark. (You must have done your homework and decided on the article(s) you intend to trademark. I covered that in the first section of this guide.)

In Nigeria, you would require the services of an accredited trademark agent to examine the official records of the Trademarks Patents and Designs Registry through their online portal. This service attracts a fee (usually around ₦33,000 ($80) to ₦50,000 ($120) depending on the agent) because only accredited agents have access to search the records and they pay for conducting such searches.

But since you’re reading this guide, here are a few strategies you can use to perform simple trademark searches yourself before deciding on hiring a search agent:

Please note that these suggestions mostly apply to IT or internet-based businesses.

Now, if your self-searches do not yield results or self-search does not apply to your class of business, hiring an accredited agent is the best alternative.

This search is conducted by an accredited agent through the official records to ensure the proposed trademark does not infringe on existing trademarks or trademarks filed for registration. Usually, agents conduct searches through the registry’s online portal, but searches can also be done in person at the registry’s office in Abuja.

The search must be conducted at the appropriate trademark class, meaning if a single trademark is to be registered in multiple classes, the search must be conducted in each of the classes. (See trademark classification in section 4 of this guide.)

Once a completed search proves your proposed trademark doesn’t conflict with existing or filed trademarks, your agent will clear you and the application process can begin.

Step 2: Trademark Application

Also known as “filing,” this process starts with submitting your (searched) articles for trademarking at the registry and receiving an Acknowledgement Letter from the trademark registrar. The letter contains your application details and that of the mark to be registered. It is usually issued twenty-four (24) hours from submission.

It’s important to note that the letter issued here is only an acknowledgement of the application and NOT an acceptance of the trademark. The trademark can still be refused registration even after a successful search.

Trademark filing is usually done online by accredited agents via the online portal of the Trademarks, Patents and Designs Registry. Further payments are to be made at this stage for processing the application. These are called filing fees.

Once your trademark has been filed, buckle up for the moment of truth.

Step 3: Acceptance or Refusal

The acceptance or refusal of a filed mark depends on the discovery of infringement on existing trademark(s). Here, the registry decides on whether to accept or reject your filed mark.

Where the filed mark is cleared for registration, the registry will accept, register the trademark, and issue you an Acceptance Letter. But when the mark is found to conflict with existing trademarks or is a mark that cannot be registered, a Refusal Letter will be issued.

If you get a Refusal Letter, I suggest you plan a better mark and discuss it with a trademark lawyer before reapplying.

A trademark may be registered either plainly (black and white) or in colour. When a trademark is registered in colour, the protection afforded is limited to the colour(s) registered. A plain (black and white) registration protects the trademark at all times.

The entire decision process takes 4-6 weeks.

Step 4: Publication

Once your trademark has been registered, it will be processed for publication in the Nigerian Trademark Journal. Publicized trademarks are also listed on the publication page of the Trademarks, Patents, and Designs Registry. The process usually takes thirty-two (32) weeks or more.

This publication contains full details about the trademark and its proprietor. Just think of it as a mini advertisement screaming, “Say hello to the newest trademark in town!”

Once your trademark is published, any person or organisation who considers the trademark a conflict with theirs (or any pre-existing trademark) has a two-month window to protest to the registry to stop such registration. They can do this by filing a "notice of opposition."

If such opposition comes up, the registry notifies and asks you to respond with a counter-statement. Your statement must defend your mark and explain why you are entitled to it.

The response window is one (1) month from receiving the notice. Failure to respond within this period is deemed an abandonment of the trademark application.

In a situation when you provide a counter-statement to the notice of opposition, the registry will make up a tribunal to resolve the conflict among the contending parties. If resolved in your favour, the Certificate of Trademark Registration will be issued to you.

However, if there are no oppositions after two (2) months of publication, you can apply for and get your trademark certificate.

Step 5: Certification

Once you’ve made it to this stage of the registration process, you can very well pop a bottle of champagne.

A trademark certificate is a license that declares you the legal owner of a registered trademark. It gives you full rights to use the trademark to the excursion of any other entity and confers rights to prosecute for infringements.

Yeah, yeah, I know. Now, you’re thinking, “Ok, how much would these cost me?” Good question! We cover that in the next subsection.

Cost of registering a Trademark

Cost of Trademark Registration in Nigeria

The cost of registering a trademark includes all the fees paid at various stages of the process; specifically the search, filing, certification, and professional fees paid to a trademark lawyer or accredited agent handling the registration.

Considering that fees vary from agent to agent, the total cost of registering a trademark range from ₦105,000 ($250) to ₦290,000 ($700).

Another factor that influences the cost of registration is the number of trademark classes a mark is registered into. The average cost of registration applies to only one class (called First Class). However, if you wish to register your trademark in more classes, additional charges will apply per class. This range from ₦83,000 ($200) to ₦124,000 ($300) per class, again depending on your agent.

A third influential factor is whether the trademark is owned by a local or international organisation or by an individual. Foreign-owned trademarks attract higher fees compared to local-owned ones.

You are at liberty to process a trademark registration up to the Acceptance stage for a start, intending to complete the certification stage later.

I recommend engaging a single agent or lawyer to manage the entire registration process. This will allow you to bargain for better individual fees and maybe, if you're lucky, get discounts.

Duration of Trademark Registration

The duration for registering a trademark in Nigeria is usually 12 to 18 months when there are no oppositions. Certification may, however, take a longer period when there are oppositions to a registered trademark.

Here’s an estimated breakdown of the timeframe:

Basic requirements for Trademark Registration

You will be required to provide the following for trademark registration:

Where to Register Trademarks in Nigeria

The office of the trademark registry is at the Trademark, Patents and Design Registry, Commercial Law Department, Federal Ministry of Industry, Trade and Investment, Area 1, Garki, Abuja. There are no other branches of the registry nationwide.

Since you might need the help of accredited agents to commerce registration at the Registrar, many accredited agents offer full registration services at their offices scattered nationwide.

All you need to do is find and research selected accredited agents, run negotiations through each one and appoint the agent you think offers the best services at the best rates.

You can find accredited agents using the online portal of the Trademarks, Patents and Designs Registry, conducting a simple Google search, or speaking with legal practitioners in your network.

Lifespan and Renewal of Trademarks

A registered trademark is valid for seven (7) years from registration and can be renewed after this period.

An application for the renewal of a trademark registration must be made three (3) months before the expiration of a current license. Each renewed trademark lasts for fourteen (14) years.

The requirements for renewing a trademark are:

Assignment of Trademarks

Imagine the need arises for a close associate of yours or business partner to leverage your trademark for a specific period. Imagine that the use of your trademark for some time was a requirement for a partnership deal you’re working on. What do you do in this situation?

The law allows a trademark titleholder to assign such trademark to another person or entity for usage for a while.

To do this, either you (the assignor) or the other entity (the assignee) may apply at the trademark registry for the recording of such trademark rights or title in favour of the assignee for a specified period.

However, the assignee should apply for this recording themselves. This is because the holder of a trademark right may enforce such a right against any infringing third party.

To assign a trademark, you would need:

Revocation or Cancellation of Trademark

Simply registering a trademark doesn’t mean you can shove it under the bed for all eternity.

Sections 31, 38, and 56 of the Nigerian Trade Mark Act empower the registry or a court to cancel a registered trademark on grounds of non-use or applications challenging the validity of a trademark.

Below are the grounds for cancellation of a registered trademark:

This is why I cannot emphasize enough the importance of thoroughly researching and understanding your mark before creation or registration. I recommend you put your mark to use before and after registration to avoid trademark revocation for non-use.

Should you ever face trademark cancellation proceedings, it would be wise to engage the services of an intellectual property rights lawyer to handle your case.

Self Registration vs Using a Trademark Lawyer

A trademark lawyer (also known as accredited agents here in Nigeria) is a lawyer who has expertise in trademark laws, designs, and practice. Their role is to provide legal advice and assistance in fields relating to trademark laws and practice.

A trademark lawyer must be an authorized lawyer or an agent accredited by the Trademark, Patents and Design Registry.

Now, whether the appointment of a trademark lawyer is necessary is debatable.

In theory, any layperson to register a trademark can apply themselves without the help of a trademark lawyer. However, certain rules regarding trademark registration in Nigeria make it impossible to skip the services of a lawyer.

For example, only accredited agents may conduct trademark searches using the records of the Trademark Patents and Design Registry. Furthermore, the Power of Attorney appointing the trademark agent remains a required document for performing actions like trademark registration, renewal, and assignment.

As discussed earlier, it is entirely possible to conduct a trademark search yourself without the help of an agent. You would not get access to the registry’s record, though. Aside from that, you would require an agent to forge ahead with the registration.

So yes, using a lawyer gets the upper hand.

But, hey! There is a lot to benefit from appointing a trademark lawyer. Let’s see those quickly:

Why Appoint a Trademark Lawyer?

Now that we’ve seen why appointing a trademark lawyer is essential, we must measure the benefits of registering your trademark against the risk of not doing so.


Registered and Unregistered Trademarks

Registered and Unregistered Trademarks

Benefits of Registering a Trademark

The most obvious advantage of registering your trademark is, of course, protecting your business mark from infringement. But there's more. Here’s why trademark registration is a good idea:

Next, we explore the

Risks Associated with Using Unregistered Trademarks

It’s not uncommon for businesses to proceed using unregistered trademarks. Many big brands and startups in Nigeria operate with unregistered marks.

While it is entirely possible to start a business in Nigeria without registering your marks, the associated risks, potential roadblocks, and liabilities cannot be denied.

Here are reasons why you might want to avoid using unregistered trademarks:

This brings us to the next subsection.

Famous/Well-Known Trademarks

A famous or well-known trademark is one that enjoys special treatment given its widespread recognition or reputation among the public.

Well-known (foreign) trademarks enjoy infringement protection in most countries, whether they are registered in that region or not. The holders of unregistered well-known trademarks in Nigeria can sue for trademark infringement of any form, even though holders of other unregistered marks cannot.

These protections are important for famous marks because they are a big target for pirates.

Therefore, an unregistered trademark can earn the full protection of a registered trademark if it attains the status of a well-known mark.

While I recommend registering your trademark from the onset of your business, the ultimate decision to register or not is yours. Use it wisely.

That said, we move to the various classes of trademarks in Nigeria. If you desire a trademark registration free of complications, this section is for you.


Classification of Trademark

Classification of Trademarks

Trademark classifications differentiate groups of trademarked goods and services with similar nomenclature from another group.

To ensure international uniformity in the classification of trademarks worldwide, the Nice Classification (NCL) was drawn up from the 1957 Nice Agreement to establish a classification of goods and services to register trademarks.

45 different trademark classes were created as a result, with Goods listed from classes 1 to 34 and Services completing classes 35 to 45.

A new edition of the Nice Classification is published annually since 2013. Below, I summarize the 45 classes of Trademark according to the 2021 (11th) edition of the NCL:

Goods Classes

Services Classes

Finally...

You can register your trademark under one or more of the classes listed above. Registration into any class attracts a fee, as earlier explained. Registration into multiple classes would attract extra costs per class. (See cost estimates in section 2.2 above.)

I recommend you thoroughly discuss with an accredited agent to understand the class(es) your trademark(s) fall into before registration. Once a trademark is registered in a class, it cannot be undone.


"Diligent research" is the watchword when it comes to trademarking in Nigeria. Use it at each stage of your process: from crafting the letters that would eventually represent your brand to doubling checking your marks even after publication.

Beyond registration, look at ways you can monetize your trademark. It is an asset after all and can be worth a lot of money in the future. Engage an intellectual property lawyer to help with this.

Yes, registering a trademark in Nigeria is tedious. Nurturing it after that is no fun, either. But the potential rewards it generates can pay off for a lifetime.

What are your thoughts on or experiences with trademark registration in Nigeria? I would love to know in the comments. Also, if you need clarification regarding any aspect of trademarking in Nigeria, drop your inquiries; I’d be happy to assist.

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